Inflammation is a tissue response to injury. A word that results in –itis indicates inflammation is occurring in the organ which precedes the suffix.
Erin Dowler (veterinarian) – May 2014
Inflammation occurs as a result any trauma or insult to tissue. Therefore, any organ can be affected.
Signs of inflammation include redness, heat, swelling and sometimes loss of function. The inflammation can enable micro-organisms to overgrow, causing infection. Inflammation can cause a wide variety of clinical signs, depending on the tissue affected. Examples include:
- Skin (dermatitis): itching
- Respiratory (bronchitis): coughing
- Gastrointestinal (gastroenteritis): vomiting, diarrhoea
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Anti-inflammatory medications can be used, but the underlying cause of the inflammation needs to be resolved. The inflammation may cause secondary problems, which also need to be addressed.
If you notice signs of inflammation, contact your veterinarian. Getting on to the inflammation early may help prevent secondary consequences.