Dog Health: Bladder Stones

Dog | Bladder Stones

An Introduction to Bladder Stones

Erin Coomer - Veterinarian (July 2013)

There are different types of bladder stones that can occur in dogs.

The most common types are

Struvite stones

Oxalate stones

It is important to try and work out which stone your dog has.  Treatment and preventative measures will be different, depending on which stone type your dog has.




Causes of Bladder Stones

Struvite stones:

Form in alkaline urine (high pH)

Often occur in association with a bladder infection

Can be seen on a X-ray

Oxalate stones:

• Form in acidic urine (low pH)

• Certain medications and diseases can contribute to their formation

• There can be a hereditary component to their formation

• Can be...
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Symptoms of Bladder Stones

• Bloody Urine

• (Recurrent) Bladder infections

• Lapse in toilet training (dog has urine ‘accidents’)

• Straining to urinate

• Stones may be an incidental finding during a physical examination or seen on X-ray




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Treatment of Bladder Stones

• Your Vet will do a thorough physical examination and possibly blood tests.

• A urine sample (urinalysis) will be collected and analyzed.  This easy test provides lots of information for your Vet in a short amount of time.  The pH of the urine will be determined and urine crystals will be identified (amongst...
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